Germany aims to build its first quantum computer by 2021, Federal Education and research Minister Anja Kalicek told media.
It will be an experimental computer, but in five to 10 years, The new technology could be applied to industry, Kalicek said.
Quantum computers could solve problems that today’s computing power would take decades or even centuries to solve, she said, adding that the technology could be used not only in fields such as chemicals and pharmaceuticals, but also has geostrategic implications.
Because construction costs are too high for a single European country to afford on its own, Kalicek said, Germany wants to include relevant issues in the future EU research framework during its EU presidency.
This, she said, was a “critical issue concerning the sovereignty of European technology,” and while Germany and Europe as a whole had “gaps to fill” in quantum computing, they had advantages of their own and still had opportunities to catch up. The German government decided in June to invest 2 billion euros in developing quantum technology.
Kalicek stressed the need to step up development of quantum chips and other necessary software. In addition, the cultivation of talents should not be ignored. The German government will provide relevant education and training for young people who want to work in quantum technology this autumn.