The Abel prize is the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize, which honors contributions that have “extraordinary depth and impact” on the field of mathematics.
Recently, natural science and liberal arts in Norway announced The Abel Prize (The Abel Prize) awarded The Hebrew university of Jerusalem harry Furstenberg (Hillel Furstenberg) and professor at Yale university, gray usury Margulis (Gregory Margulis) professor, for their “in The group theory, number theory and combination mathematics pioneered The use of probability and dynamics method”.
The Abel prize, set up by the Norwegian government in 2001 to “award mathematicians the equivalent of a Nobel Prize”, is worth nkr7.5m ($834,000). Professor furstenberg, who survived kristallnacht, is the first Israeli to receive the award.
Prof furstenberg and prof margulis pioneered the use of random walk techniques to solve problems in many other areas. A random walk is a path consisting of a series of random steps. The professors use these techniques to study mathematical objects and introduce probabilistic methods to solve unsolved problems in group theory, number theory, combinatorial mathematics and computer science.
“Furstenberg and margulis astounded the mathematical community by their ingenious use of probabilistically and random-walk approaches to solve deep problems in different areas of mathematics,” Shared Hans munthe-kaas, chairman of the Abel prize committee. “They have broken down the gap between traditional theoretical and applied mathematics and explored a wealth of new applications in communications technology and computer science.”
Professor furstenberg was born in Berlin in 1935. In 1939, his family fled Nazi Germany and settled in the United States. As an undergraduate, furstenberg began to be recognized as a promising mathematician. When he published one of his first academic papers, rumors began to circulate that “furstenberg” was the pseudonym of a group of mathematicians. How can one draw inspiration from so many different fields?
After teaching at several of America’s leading universities, including Princeton, the Massachusetts institute of technology and the university of Minnesota, professor furstenberg moved to Israel in 1965 and joined the Einstein institute of mathematics at the Hebrew university. The move helped establish the world mathematics center in Israel, and professor furstenberg won the Israel prize in 1993 and the wolff prize in 2007. Professor asher Cohen, President of the Hebrew university of Jerusalem, said: “professor furstenberg’s Abel award is a great honour for the Hebrew university and for Israel as a whole. Professor furstenberg is not only a world-class mathematician, but also a mentor to many students who have made contributions to the field of mathematics. This is a nobel-level achievement and we are extremely proud of it.”
Like prof furstenberg, prof margulis, who was born in Russia, was hailed as a top mathematician at a young age. However, as a Jew in the Soviet union, margulis was unable to find work at Moscow university, and he eventually emigrated to the United States and began working at Yale. The two laureates did not formally collaborate because of their 10-year age gap and travel restrictions in the Soviet union, but their research has had an effect on each other.
This year’s Abel awards will be presented in Oslo, Norway, on May 19. King harald v will present the Abel prize to the winners. That evening, the Norwegian government will also hold a banquet at the castle of aksius.