There Is A Naming Convention For Diseases And Viruses

The world health organization recently announced that the new coronavirus caused by the English name “COVID 19″, the international committee on virus taxonomy announced that the English name of the virus is “sars-cov-2″, but the relevant officials stressed that “there is no association between the name and SARS disease.

So what are the names of infectious diseases and viruses?

The world health organization (who) has named the new coronavirus pneumonia covid-19, who director-general tan desai announced Thursday in Geneva, Switzerland. “Under the joint guidelines of who, oie and fao, we have to find a name that does not involve geographical location, animals, individuals or people, but is easy to pronounce and associated with a disease,” said tandesay.

In 2015, who and others proposed guidelines for naming newly discovered infectious diseases, advocating the use of neutral, generic terms instead of the names of people, places, animals, food and occupations.

This is because the names of some infectious diseases in the past have led to stigma and other undesirable consequences. In 2009, for example, the name ‘swine flu’ caused some countries to talk about pigs, even restricting the pork trade and ordering the slaughter of pigs, before the world health organization declared the disease officially known as influenza a (H1N1). Another example is the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which appeared in some parts of the Middle East in 2012.

In the wake of the new pneumonia outbreak, international researchers have Shared information using a number of different English names. The new name “COVID 19″ announced by who contains the English abbreviation for coronavirus, 2019 and other elements, which is easier to spell. The who said the new name could provide a standard format for other coronavirus-related diseases that could emerge in the future.


The name of a disease does not necessarily resemble the name of the virus that causes it. Sometimes they are similar, like measles and measles virus; Sometimes viruses get their names from other sources, such as rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, etc.

The English name of the new coronavirus is “sars-cov-2″, the international committee on virus taxonomy announced on its website on Monday. John cible, chairman of the coronavirus research group of the international committee on viral taxonomy, said the name was based on taxonomic studies such as gene sequencing, and “there is no association between the name and the SARS disease,” according to a report on the website of the us journal science on December 12. The new coronavirus is the same type as the SARS coronavirus, but not the same type, academician zhong nanshan said in an interview with the media on September 9.

Gene sequencing and other research results showed that the newly emerged coronavirus and SARS coronavirus belong to the same family of coronavirus coronavirus. The coronavirus team posted a paper on bioRxiv, a preprint site, describing how they classified the virus.

The researchers say it is a new member of the coronavirus population. There are seven types of coronavirus known to infect humans, including the SARS coronavirus, which struck in 2003, and the MERS coronavirus, which has affected Saudi Arabia and South Korea in previous years, among others, causing more serious illnesses.

Some experts disagree with the name proposed by the international committee on viral taxonomy and are discussing whether to move forward with the renaming, media reports said.